It is commonly believed that, on 12th October 1492, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus 'discovered' the Americas, but this merely marks the beginning of European colonialism. Although there are legends of Irish monks and Chinese fleets reaching shore long before, the first documented settlers are Vikings. Leif Erikson (c. 970 – c.
Over two thousand years ago in Ancient Greece, mathematician and astronomer Eratosthenes of Cyrene (276 BC – 195 BC) became the father of modern geography and coined many terms that are still in use today. He is best known for calculating the circumference of the Earth by measuring the length of
Often quoted as being the longest place name in the world is the Welsh village of Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch, usually shortened to Llanfairpwll or Llanfair PG, which gained its name from a publicity stunt to drive tourism in the 1860s. However, Llanfairpwll is only the Guinness World Record Holder for the longest place