During World War I, the United States military used Cherokee and Choctaw service men, among others, to relay secret tactical messages based on words from their traditional tribal languages. These became known as 'Code Talkers'. Although Native American languages were used during WWI, it wasn’t until WWII that an organized code
It is commonly believed that, on 12th October 1492, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus 'discovered' the Americas, but this merely marks the beginning of European colonialism. Although there are legends of Irish monks and Chinese fleets reaching shore long before, the first documented settlers are Vikings. Leif Erikson (c. 970 – c.
Whilst Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Commonwealth is currently the longest serving living monarch, she sits at 39th in the all-time list with just 66 years on the throne. Pharoah Pepi II of the Sixth Dynasty is said to have ruled Egypt's Old Kingdom for 94 years from
Memorial Day is a US federal holiday, observed on the last Monday of May, that remembers those who died while serving in the armed forces. It should not be confused with Veterans Day which celebrates the service of all US veterans, Armed Forces Day which honours those currently serving, or
On 27th August 1883, the Indonesian volcanic island of Krakatoa erupted with such devastating force that it tore the island apart, ruptured the eardrums of sailors 40 miles away and could even be heard 3,000 miles away in Mauritius. The pressure wave from the fourth and final explosion generated 310 decibels